Contesting Human Rights: How Religious Freedom Confront Gay Rights and Vice Versa

[Review of the book Religious Freedom and Gay Rights: Emerging Conflicts in the United States and Europe, by Timothy Samuel Shah, Thomas F. Farr, and Jack Friedman]


  • Andi Alfian Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies (CRCS), Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia



Religious Freedom, Gay Rights, Human Rights


One of the issues that caught my attention in the discussion on Religion and Human Rights, which is also an issue that has recently started to be hotly discussed in Indonesia, is the issue of LGBTQ+ minority rights (gay rights). This issue becomes interesting, the issue of gay rights, especially when this issue deals with the Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB). As we saw in the discussion of human rights at International, tensions between gay rights and FoRB in several countries have their own characteristics. For example, in Indonesia, recently, the movement for defenders of the FoRB has begun to bloom, and, I observe, there is a tendency to include minority groups such as indigenous people, including LGBTQ+ people (gay rights), into their circle of struggle. The question is, how do religious freedom rights (FoRB) deal with gay rights? Or conversely, how do gay rights deal with religious freedom? In that context, this book becomes relevant to discuss. This book provides each author’s many different moral arguments and philosophical commitments.






Book Review